In simple terms, paternity can be described simply as "the state of being a father". It is legal acceptance of the parental relationship, i.e. A father-child relationship between a man or woman and their child. The child gains a sense of identity when the paternity case is established.
Because of many reasons, paternity establishment is very important for a child. The child could then be entitled to various benefits such as insurance benefits, inheritance claims, tort claims, and social security benefits. It is also important that a child knows the medical histories of both parents.
Most often, the question of paternity will be raised during legal separations, divorces, and annulments. This is necessary to establish custody, parenting times, and visitation after separation. In cases involving family inheritance, immigration requests, and other benefits, parentage acknowledgment is necessary. Paternity actions can be used by parents who have a child together, to legalize their rights and responsibilities in relation to the child.
There are many legal ways to establish paternity. The most basic law is based on the history of society. The law assumes that a man is the legal father of the child of his spouse. The man must then perform all duties and assume all responsibilities toward the child as a dad.
However, evidence can be used to challenge this presumption. There may be instances where a man refuses parentage, either before or after separation. In these cases, a paternity lawsuit should also be filed. In cases where the mother is not married, she may file a lawsuit to recognize paternity.
A "paternity lawsuit" is a legal proceeding that determines if a man is a father of a child who was born to a woman. If the father of the child admits to paternity, then paternity can be established. The judge can order the man's blood sample if he refuses to acknowledge that he is a father to the child. The blood sample could be used to perform DNA testing or blood profiling.