An orthodontist is a dentist who specializes in the improvement and correction of malocclusions in the jaw and teeth. These professionals practice orthodontics in conjunction with dentistry to help individuals with their tooth problems. One of the most common tools that are used for the correction is dental braces. These are a set of wires and other metals along with other relevant components that are assembled to redefine the shape of the jaw and the teeth.
There are other kinds of components that are often used for these dental devices such as ceramics or plastics. In some cases of allergies, gold may be used as a metal alternative. Children are the usual patients for an orthodontist but older children and even adults can use these dental devices for the correction of their teeth or other flaws in the oral cavity.
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As a child's permanent teeth start to come out, the shape of the jaw and the alignment of the teeth may be malformed due to the appearance of the bigger and tougher teeth. In some instances, overcrowding can occur which results to crooked teeth. Other malocclusions that might be present are overbites, underbites, crossbites and openbites. There are other flaws that could be present since birth as well which an orthodontic dentist can correct.
The positive response to orthodontic dentistry is dependent on each individual patient. Each person has a different rate of improvement. The more susceptible to correction the bone and the blood vessels are, the faster the change can take effect. This may be why the teeth and jaws of children are corrected faster than those of adults.